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Female Contraceptives and their Impact on the Body

a woman looking at contraceptives pills

Contraception is the use of methods or devices to prevent pregnancy. There are many types of contraceptives available, but not all of them are suitable for everyone. Some contraceptives have hormonal effects on the body, while others do not. Hormonal contraceptives are those that contain synthetic versions of the female hormones estrogen and progestin, or only progestin. These hormones can affect various aspects of the reproductive system, as well as other organs and systems in the body. In this article, we will explore some of the effects of hormonal contraceptives on the body, and compare them with non-hormonal alternatives, such as condoms.

How do hormonal contraceptives work?

Hormonal contraceptives work by preventing ovulation, which is the release of an egg from the ovaries. They also thicken the cervical mucus, making it harder for sperm to reach the egg. Additionally, they thin the lining of the uterus, making it less likely for a fertilized egg to implant and grow.

a cart holding means of contraceptives.

Hormonal contraceptives come in different forms, such as pills, patches, rings, shots, implants, and intrauterine devices (IUDs). The amount and type of hormones vary depending on the method. Some methods require daily or weekly use, while others can last for months or years.

What are the benefits of hormonal contraceptives?

Hormonal contraceptives have several benefits besides preventing pregnancy. Some of these benefits are:

  • They can regulate menstrual cycles and reduce menstrual cramps, bleeding, and pain.
  • They can lower the risk of some types of cancer, such as endometrial, ovarian, and colorectal cancer.
  • They can improve acne and hair growth in some women with hormonal imbalances.
  • They can help treat some conditions that affect the reproductive system, such as endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and fibroids.

What are the risks and side effects of hormonal contraceptives?

Hormonal contraceptives are generally safe for most women, but they can also have some risks and side effects. These may vary depending on the individual’s health status, medical history, and lifestyle factors. Some of the risks and side effects are:

  • Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Issues: Hormonal contraceptives may heighten the risk of blood clots, stroke, heart attack, and high blood pressure in certain women, particularly those who smoke, are over 35 years old, or possess other cardiovascular risk factors.
  • Mood Changes and Depression: Some women may experience mood swings and even depression as a side effect of hormonal contraceptives.
  • Migraines: These contraceptives can potentially trigger or exacerbate migraines in some women.
  • Appetite and Weight: Hormonal birth control can influence appetite and body weight in some individuals.
  • Gastrointestinal Effects: Nausea can be a common side effect, and breast tenderness, spotting, and irregular bleeding may also occur in some cases.
  • Impact on Libido and Sexual Satisfaction: Some women might notice a decrease in libido and overall sexual satisfaction while using hormonal contraceptives.
  • Vaginal Infections and Cervical Cancer: In certain cases, these contraceptives could increase the risk of vaginal infections and cervical cancer.
a woman holding contraceptive pills

How do condoms compare with hormonal contraceptives?

Condoms are a type of non-hormonal contraceptive that prevents pregnancy by creating a physical barrier between the sperm and the egg. Using condoms offers several advantages over other contraceptive methods:

  • Protection Against STIs: Condoms provide a barrier that not only prevents unintended pregnancies but also offers protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This dual protection is a significant advantage, especially for those who have multiple partners or are not in a monogamous relationship.
  • Readily Available: Condoms are widely available without a prescription. They can be purchased at drugstores, supermarkets, and even vending machines in some places. This accessibility makes them a convenient choice for many people.
  • No Hormonal Side Effects: Unlike hormonal contraceptives (such as birth control pills or implants), condoms do not introduce hormones into the body. This means there are no hormonal side effects like mood swings, weight gain, or changes in libido.
  • Non-Invasive: Condoms are non-invasive and do not require a medical procedure or intervention. Some contraceptive methods, like intrauterine devices (IUDs) or injections, may involve medical procedures or visits to a healthcare provider.
  • Easily Reversible: Condom use is easily reversible. If a person or couple decides to conceive, they can simply stop using condoms without any residual effects on fertility.
  • No Prescription Needed: Condoms do not require a prescription or a visit to a healthcare provider. This can be especially advantageous for individuals who may not have easy access to healthcare services.
  • Compatibility: Condoms are compatible with other contraceptive methods. They can be used in conjunction with hormonal methods or fertility awareness-based methods to enhance protection against both pregnancy and STIs.
  • Safe for Most People: Condoms are generally safe for most individuals, including those who cannot use hormonal contraceptives due to medical reasons or personal preferences.
  • No Impact on Future Fertility: Condom use does not affect future fertility. Some hormonal methods, when used over an extended period, may take time to wear off before fertility returns to normal.
a man and a woman's hand shot holding a condom.


In conclusion, when it comes to contraception, it’s vital to consider not only preventing unintended pregnancies but also your overall health. Hormonal contraceptives have their advantages, but they can disrupt hormonal balances, leading to side effects like mood changes, weight fluctuations, and altered libido. For individuals seeking a reliable and hormone-free option that also provides protection against sexually transmitted infections, condoms stand out as an accessible and effective choice. They allow you to maintain your hormonal balance, avoid potential side effects, and prioritize sexual health. Ultimately, the decision should align with your unique circumstances and preferences, and consulting a healthcare provider is crucial to making an informed choice that safeguards both your reproductive health and overall well-being. For more sexual wellbeing-related talks, follow


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